Main Article Content
The article discusses the issue of social structures corresponding to the assumptions underlying social and cultural animation. Based on the assumption that the characteristic feature of animation is the pursuit of building social communities in which people will be able to practice their individual freedom, the author draws attention to two solutions: the public sphere and discourse. The combination of these two concepts in the context of animation, despite them being aimed at solving differently defined problems, is rationalized by their complementarity. One can say that they support one another: the public sphere enables the conscious practice of social subjectivity, while the discourse is supposed to ensure equality in access to it.