Main Article Content
The article relates to the issue of social communication. Its purpose is to describe the meaning of gender in the communication process. It addresses gender issues at various levels of interpersonal communication, as gender has been identified through analyses as one of many diverse conditions for the quality of the communication process. The analyses focused on both language and selected gender determinants as well as issues related to the communication style and communication goals of men and women. The relationship between gender and communication is also visible in the field of non-verbal behaviours which is why non-verbal communication – visual behaviour – has been subject to a special review and description in the perspective of power relations. In this context, the visual domination coefficient was discussed, which refers to looking at the interlocutor during two communication activities, i.e. speaking and listening. As shown by the results of research, people who have power look more often at the interlocutor during the process of speaking and listening, whereas subordinates, act the other way round – they look at the speaker more often during listening than speaking. The gender of interlocutors is of great importance in this matter which has been extensively described in the article. The article shows that gender can be considered one of the determinants of the interpersonal communication process both on the level of verbal and non-verbal communication.